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Full Autonomy

Level 5 (Full Driving Automation)

Level 5 vehicles do not require human attention―the “dynamic driving task” is eliminated. Level 5 cars won’t even have steering wheels or acceleration/braking pedals. They will be free from geofencing, able to go anywhere and do anything that an experienced human driver can do. Fully autonomous cars are undergoing testing in several pockets of the world, but none are yet available to the general public. 

Optimal parking management of connected autonomous vehicles: A control-theoretic approach

ShianWang • Michael W.Levin • Ryan JamesCaverly

Mar 1, 2021

Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies

Review of Learning-based Longitudinal Motion Planning for Autonomous Vehicles: Implications on Traffic Congestion

Hao Zhou • Jorge A Laval • Anye Zhou • Yu Wang • Wenchao Wu • Zhu Qing • Srinivas Peeta

Dec 23, 2020

Transportation Research Board (TRB)

Parking infrastructure design for repositioning autonomous vehicles

Michael W.Levin • EugeneWong • Benjamin Nault-Maurer • Alireza Khani

Nov 1, 2020

Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies

Urban Artificial Intelligence: From Automation to Autonomy in the Smart City

Federico Cugurullo

Jul 30, 2020


Governance cultures and sociotechnical imaginaries of self-driving vehicle technology

M. Mladenovic • D. Milakis • K. Pangbourne • M. Givoni • D. Stead

Jan 1, 2020

Collection of open chapters of books in transport research

Self-driving cars will take a while to get right

Jack Stilgoe

Apr 2, 2019

Nature Machine Intelligence

Reframing the governance of automotive automation: insights from UK stakeholder workshops

Tom Cohen • Jack Stilgoe • Clemence Cavoli

Jul 30, 2018

Journal of Responsible Innovation

A Survey of Motion Planning and Control Techniques for Self-Driving Urban Vehicles

Brian Paden • Michal Čáp • Sze Zheng Yong • Dmitry Yershov • Emilio Frazzoli

Jun 13, 2016

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles

Real-Time Motion Planning With Applications to Autonomous Urban Driving

Yoshiaki Kuwata • Justin Teo • Gaston Fiore • Sertac Karaman • Emilio Frazzoli • Jonathan P. How

Jul 28, 2009

IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology

Robust hybrid control for autonomous vehicle motion planning

E. Frazzoli • M.A. Dahleh • E. Feron

Aug 6, 2002

Proceedings of the 39th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control

DeepTake: Prediction of Driver Takeover Behavior using Multimodal Data

Erfan Pakdamanian • Shili Sheng • Sonia Baee • Seongkook Heo • Sarit Kraus • Lu Feng

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