Zero Emissions Policy

Zero emission refers to an enginemotor, process, or other energy source, that emits no waste products that pollute the environment or disrupt the climate. All-electric vehicles produce zero direct emissions, which specifically helps improve air quality in urban areas. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which have a gasoline engine in addition to an electric motor, produce evaporative emissions from the fuel system as well as tailpipe emissions when operating on gasoline. However, because most PHEVs are more efficient than comparable conventional vehicles, they still produce fewer tailpipe emissions even when relying on gasoline.

Eco-Driving for Different Electric Powertrain Topologies Considering Motor Efficiency

Alexander Koch • Tim Bürchner • Thomas Herrmann • Markus Lienkamp

Jun 6, 2021

World Electric Vehicle Journal

A hybrid life cycle assessment of the large-scale application of electric vehicles

Siqin Xiong • Yunshi Wang • Bo Bai • Xiaoming Ma

Feb 1, 2021

Energy

Databased Architecture Modeling for Battery Electric Vehicles

Lorenzo Nicoletti • Werner Schmid • Markus Lienkamp

Nov 2, 2020

IEEE

On-Demand Automotive Fleet Electrification Can Catalyze Global Transportation Decarbonization and Smart Urban Mobility

Gordon Bauer • Cheng Zheng • Jeffery B. Greenblatt • Susan Shaheen • Daniel M. Kammen

May 13, 2020

Environmental Science & Technology

Emissions and noise mitigation through use of electric motorcycles

Michael Hernandez • Kara M Kockelman • James O Lentz • Jooyong Lee

Nov 19, 2019

Transportation Safety and Environment

The effect of electrified mobility on the relationship between traffic conditions and energy consumption

ChiaraFiori • VincenzoArcidiacono • GeorgiosFontaras • MichailMakridis • KonstantinosMattas • VittorioMarzano • ChristianThiel • BiagioCiuffo

Dec 11, 2018

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment